Falls are the leading cause of injury-related death for those aged 75+. With winter in full effect, the risk of elders falling outside due to unpredictable environmental factors is extremely high.
One of the best ways to prevent falls from occurring is by maintaining physical activity. With unpredictable weather, seniors can stay indoors and develop an exercise routine, which helps improve their overall muscle strength, balance, and coordination.
How to improve biological factors:
– Be physically active to strengthen muscles.
– Get your eyes checked to detect vision problems.
– Make a list of all your medications and supplements and ask your pharmacist to review them, looking for combinations that cause dizziness or impaired judgement.
How to improve behaviour factors:
– Don't wear shoes with worn out tread or loose-fitting slippers since bad footwear can lead to slips, trips and falls.
– Don't let the fear of falling stop you from being active. If you've fallen before, you may be afraid of falling again. But physical activity can keep you strong and prevent future falls and fractures.
– Drink enough water. Dehydration puts you at high risk for falling.
How to improve home environment factors:
– Remove the clutter. Things on the floor can cause you to trip or stumble.
– Install grab bars in your bathroom to help with getting in and out of the tub. Grab bars can look stylish - get some in white or chrome.
– Get some new lighting. Dark corners can limit visibility and lead to a fall. Bonus: Most new lighting fixtures use very little electricity.
If you do go outside with a senior, plan ahead, stay safe, and be smart. #fallprevention #wintersafety